French: Colibri thalassin German: Kleiner Veilchenohrkolibri Spanish: Colibrí verdemar
Tamascáltepec, state of Mexico, Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
C. t. thalassinus
(Swainson, 1827) – Mexican Violet-ear – C & S Mexico S to Honduras.
C. t. cabanidis
(Heine, 1863) – mountains of Costa Rica and W Panama.
C. t. cyanotus
(Bourcier, 1843) – Mountain Violet-ear – mountains of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador.
C. t. kerdeli
Aveledo & Pérez, 1991 – mountains of NE Venezuela (Sucre, Monagas).
C. t. crissalis
Todd, 1942 – E slope of Andes of Peru and Bolivia (to W Santa Cruz). Recorded also in NW Argentina (Tucumán).
10·5–11·5 cm; male 5·7 g, female 4·8 g, unsexed 4·2–5·6 g. Plumage mostly a rather bluish green, with subterminal blue-... read more
Very vocal, even during heat of day. Song quite variable, an endlessly repeated series of multiple... read more
Open, shrubby mountain slopes and highland pastures with scattered trees, forest edge adjoining... read more
Food and feeding
Visits flowers of a variety of herbs (Salvia, Lobelia, Cirsium), shrubs (Centropogon, Cephaelis... read more
Mainly late wet to dry seasons, Jul–Nov (C Mexico), Sept or Nov–Mar (Guatemala), Sept–Jan (El Salvador), Oct–Mar (... read more
No long-distance migrations have been documented, but in most areas the species moves to lower... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Locally common to abundant over most of its wide range; has probably benefited from deforestation and habitat alteration in... read more
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