Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Greenish Puffleg (Haplophaedia aureliae)


French: Érione d’Aurélie German: Kupferglanz-Höschenkolibri Spanish: Calzadito verdoso norteño

Trochilus Aureliæ

Bourcier and Mulsant

, 1846,

Bogotá, Colombia


Closely related to H. assimilis; these two usually considered conspecific, but considerable plumage differences support their treatment as separate species. Throughout its range this species exhibits much variation; races galindoi and floccus both sometimes included within caucensis, and proposed race bernali (from Santander, in NC Colombia) synonymized with nominate. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. a. floccus (Nelson, 1912) – mountains in E Panama and immediately adjacent NW Colombia (Cerro Malí, Cerro Tacarcuna).
  • H. a. galindoi Wetmore, 1967 – Cerro Pirre, in E Panama.
  • H. a. caucensis (Simon, 1911) – W & C Andes of Colombia.
  • H. a. aureliae (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) – E Andes, and probably also E slope of C Andes, in Colombia.
  • H. a. russata (Gould, 1871) – E slope of Andes of Ecuador (S at least to W Pastaza).
  • H. a. cutucuensis Schuchmann et al., 2000 – E slope in S Ecuador (Cutucú Range and Cordillera del Cóndor).
  • Also recorded (subspecies uncertain) in N Peru#R.

    Descriptive notes

    9–11·6 cm; 4–6·5 g. Bill straight, blackish (c. 1·8–2 cm). Male green above with a coppery hue, especially on head and neck; underparts... read more


    Males gather in loose groups to sing, endlessly repeating a double-noted “tur seet” or “tskut”,... read more


    The species inhabits the understorey of humid and wet montane and pre-montane forest and forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Territorial and pugnacious. Feeding territories are established around flowers with short corollas. The species is usually found in the... read more


    Dec–Mar, but nesting has also been recorded May–Aug, and in Sept. The cup-shaped nest consists mainly of moss held together... read more


    Records from Colombia suggest some seasonal altitudinal movements to lower temperate zone.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Under revised taxonomy, wherein present species and H. assimilis are treated separately, range of H. aureliae... read more

    Recommended citation

    Heynen, I. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Greenish Puffleg (Haplophaedia aureliae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).