Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Critically Endangered

Grenada Dove (Leptotila wellsi)


French: Colombe de Grenade German: Welltaube Spanish: Paloma montaraz de Granada

Engyptila wellsi


, 1884,

Grenada, Lesser Antilles


Formerly considered conspecific with L. rufaxilla, and also sometimes with L. plumbeiceps, L. battyi and L. pallida. Monotypic.


Grenada, in S Lesser Antilles, with strongholds on the Mt Hartman and Perseverance estates; formerly more widespread.

Descriptive notes

28–31 cm; 200 g. Face and forehead pale pinkish becoming greyish then dull brown on crown and nape; throat white; neck and upper breast pinkish buff becoming white on... read more


Gives single, soft mournful note, uttered every 5–8 seconds, “hoooo......hoooo”, which like all... read more


Dry-scrub woods in lowlands and on hillside up to 150 m. At Mt Hartman estate, habitat consists of... read more

Food and feeding

No information on diet, although thought to feed on seeds, small fruits, insects, grubs and caterpillars. Forages exclusively on the ground... read more


Season Dec–Feb and Jul, but may vary according to rainfall and therefore differ in different parts of the island; males heard singing... read more



Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Found only on Grenada, part of the Lesser Antilles EBA. Few population estimates until late 1980s, although species long considered to be rare. Highly... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Kirwan, G.M., Sharpe, C.J. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Grenada Dove (Leptotila wellsi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).