Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Near Threatened

Grey-breasted Mountain-toucan (Andigena hypoglauca)


French: Toucan bleu German: Blautukan Spanish: Tucán pechigrís

Pteroglossus hypoglaucus


, 1833,

no locality = Colombia


Traditionally considered to form a species-group with A. laminirostris and A. cucullata. HBW described races as “poorly differentiated”, but lateralis possesses pale vs dark eyes (3) and pink vs orange on distal upper mandible (2), suggesting considerable distinctiveness, with broad zone of intergradation in Ecuador (1), hence close to species status. Nevertheless, division between races somewhat unclear, individuals with largely nominate characters (dark irides, orange on bill) occurring in E Ecuador S to Papallacta–Baeza, whereas S of Gualeco–Limón road lateralis-type populations (paler irides, strong pink on bill) appear, and specimen from Cañar (SC Ecuador) appears somewhat intermediate#R; note, however, that most of those in N Peru N of Marañón Gap also have dark irides#R, so zone of intergradation perhaps even broader than thought. Two subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. h. hypoglauca (Gould, 1833) – Grey-breasted Mountain-toucan – mountains of C & S Colombia to E Ecuador.
  • A. h. lateralis Chapman, 1923 – Pale-eyed Mountain-toucan – Andes of E Ecuador and Peru.
  • Descriptive notes

    41–48 cm; 244–370 g. Large toucan with black cap and face, grey-blue hindneck, green-tinged brown back, grey-blue to grey underparts. Male nominate race has... read more


    Song of low “gweeeeeeeat”, at 1·75–2·1 seconds the longest known... read more


    Wet temperate montane forest, often in cloudforest, stunted trees at tree-line, edges and second... read more

    Food and feeding

    Various fruits and berries, including species of Rubus, Cecropia, as well as Ceroxylon quindiuense and others;... read more


    Dec–Feb in Colombia, Jun/Jul–Nov in Ecuador and Peru. No information on breeding behaviour, nest or eggs; possibly occupies... read more


    None known.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Locally common in C Colombia (Tolima), S Ecuador (in Loja) and N Peru, e.g. in Amazonas and San Martín.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Short, L.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Grey-breasted Mountain-toucan (Andigena hypoglauca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).