Sydney region, New South Wales, Australia.
Races very variable in plumage colour and pattern, and long regarded as forming four separate species, one in SE South Australia (intermedia), one in mallee and scrublands of SW New South Wales S to Kangaroo I and extreme NW Victoria (melanoptera and halmaturina), one in Tasmania (arguta), and one covering rest of range (plumbea and nominate); however, races intergrade wherever they come into contact with one another, and better treated as a single species. Thus, melanoptera intergrades with nominate from South Australia–Victoria border E to Grampian Ranges in N and to Cape Otway in S; possible intergradation of plumbea with intermedia E through Great Victoria Desert uncertain but likely. Proposed race howei (Kow Plains, in NW Victoria) represents an intergrade population; centralia (Everard Ranges, in NW South Australia) indistinguishable from plumbea. Six subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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