Family Falcons, Caracaras (Falconidae)


Grey Falcon (Falco hypoleucos)


French: Faucon gris German: Silberfalke Spanish: Halcón gris

Falco hypoleucos


, 1841,

York, Western Australia




Australia except extreme N & SW and most of S & E coasts.

Descriptive notes

33–43 cm; male 335 g, female 500–624 g; wingspan 81–103 cm. Medium-sized, stocky-bodied Falco with long wings, short tail, blue-grey upperparts and... read more


Commonest vocalization is loud, harsh chattering "kek-kek-kek..." or "kak-kak-kak... read more


Woodland, scrub, savanna, dunes and plains in arid and semi-arid zones; from sea-level to at least... read more

Food and feeding

Primarily birds, especially parrots (Psittaciformes) to size of Galah (Eolophus roseicapilla) and pigeons (Columbidae), but also... read more


Season Jun–Jan, laying Jul–Oct, mainly in Jul–Aug; in any area may breed only in years with above-average rainfall (... read more


Poorly understood; resident and partly migratory or dispersive populations, with behaviour... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Previously considered Near Threatened. Despite very large range, occurs at very low densities, breeding only in warmer areas. Estimated current global... read more

Recommended citation

Debus, S., Kirwan, G.M. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Grey Falcon (Falco hypoleucos). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).