J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
Has been placed in genus Ortygornis. Population of Sri Lanka has been awarded separate race, ceylonensis, but usually included within nominate. Proposed Indian forms prepositus (from Punjab), paganus (Saurashtra region of Gujarat) and titar (Surguja district of Chhattisgarh) all synonymized with interpositus. Three subspecies recognized.
Introduced into Amirante Is, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles, Rodrigues and Hawaiian Is (interpositus); introduced populations of Andaman Is and Diego Garcia I now extinct. Several subspecies have been introduced into parts of E Arabian Peninsula.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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