Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Grey Monjita (Xolmis cinereus)


French: Pépoaza cendré German: Bartstreif-Nonnentyrann Spanish: Monjita gris

Tyrannus cinereus


, 1816,

hinterland of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • X. c. cinereus (Vieillot, 1816) – S Suriname (Sipaliwini Savanna), E Brazil (Amapá and Maranhão S to Rio Grande do Sul), NE Argentina (Misiones) and Uruguay.
  • X. c. pepoaza (Vieillot, 1823) – extreme SE Peru (E Madre de Dios) through E Bolivia to SC Brazil (S Mato Grosso do Sul), Paraguay and N Argentina (S to Tucumán and N Buenos Aires).
  • Descriptive notes

    22·5–23 cm; 50–621 g. Plumage is mouse-grey or dusky greyish above, broad white supraloral stripe, narrow white moustachial stripe, broader black submoustachial... read more


    Call a high and whistled “pééa”; song “pééehpééeh-ili, dew-dlee-ew”, usually at dawn.


    Grassland and cerrado, occasionally around buildings, pastures, and outskirts of major... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Perches conspicuously on fences, bushes and wires; drops to ground after prey; less frequently sallies or runs along the ground.... read more


    Little known. Nests found in Jan in Brazil, Dec in Argentina, and Oct and Nov in Urugauy; fledglings in Dec in Surinam. Undulating flight... read more


    Mostly resident. Some S populations migratory; details uncertain.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to common. Common in Sipaliwini Savanna Nature Reserve, in Surinam, and numerous across cerrado of Brazil (e.g.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Langham, G. (2019). Grey Monjita (Xolmis cinereus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).