Temminck and Schlegel, 1844,
Commonly considered conspecific with C. indicus, but recently separated#R on account of its song being a rapid, percussive series of downturned, monosyllablic, whiplash “SCHurk’SCHurk’SCHurk...” notes that run together vs a rather slow, metronomic series of distinct disyllabic notes, “FWlk-\m-/FWlk-\m-/FWlk-\m-/” (4); eggs bluish-white to creamy white with heavy dark brown blotches vs buff to rich salmon-buff with dense pale chestnut to olive-brown blotches (scoring of egg differences not covered by the criteria used herein; in this case allowed 2); larger size (wing 196–210 vs 182–195 in indicus, which is larger than kelaarti) (at least 1); darker overall appearance (blackish patches, streaks and bars larger, on crown, upperparts, underparts and tail) (2). Race hazarae sometimes included within jotaka#R. Proposed race memnon (from Lushai Hills, in NE India) is a synonym of hazarae. Two subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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