Puerto Cabello, Venezuela.
Groups with S. corvina, S. ophthalmica, S. americana and S. murallae; has hybridized with ophthalmica in two regions of Colombia. Intriguing issue concerns proposed race insularis, originally thought endemic to Trinidad; subsequent detailed analysis revealed that birds conforming to insularis, with slightly larger morphometrics and constant minor colour differences (bill more greyish, whitish post-auricular patches, some pallor on throat, soft white bar across lower rump), are distributed within N half of the range of nominate race of present species, thus suggesting the presence of a widespread cryptic species#R, but the relative weakness of the characters involved, current lack of information on habitat and song differences, uncertainty about a possible migratory habit whereby records might refer only to non-breeding sympatry, and the well-known polymorphic capacity of Sporophila species combine to advise caution; treatment as a subspecies implies an as-yet undetermined range, which currently seems less plausible than treatment as a morph, the option marginally favoured here. Proposed race anchicayae (described from R Anchicayá, in Valle, in Colombia) is a hybrid between race bogotensis of present species and race hicksii of S. ophthalmica. Proposed race agustini (San Agustín, Huila, Colombia) not reliably separable from bogotensis, and better merged therein. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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