Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Check out these recently updated species or search the species you want.

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Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)

Taxonomy:

Falco bellicosus

Daudin, 1800, Great Namaqualand, South Africa.

Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 78–96 cm; 3010–6200 g; wingspan 188–227 cm. Along with Stephanoaetus coronatus, one of the two largest eagles in Africa. Large head and long, broad blackish wings notable; upperparts, head, throat and upper breast...
figure, drawing, illustration of Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)

Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

Taxonomy:

Buceros erythrorhynchus

Temminck, 1823, Mora, Cameroon.

Closest to T. monteiri, but close also to T. flavirostris, T. leucomelas and T. deckeni (and presumably jacksoni...

Descriptive notes: 35 cm; male 124–185 g, female 90–151 g (nominate), male 182 g, female 148 g (race kempi), male 128 g, female 125 g (race ruahae). Small, black-and-white hornbill with spotted wing-coverts, white in outer tail, and long,...
figure, drawing, illustration of Red-billed Hornbill (Tockus erythrorhynchus)

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Taxonomy:

Trochilus rufus

J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, Canada.

Closely related to S. sasin (which see). Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 8·5 cm; 2·9–3·9 g. Male has medium-short, straight black bill; crown bronze or bronze-green, remaining upperparts rufous, occasionally with a few green feathers on the back; throat iridescent scarlet-bronze...
figure, drawing, illustration of Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis)

Taxonomy:

Picus imperialis

Gould, 1832, “California” = Jalisco, Mexico.

Closely related to C. principalis. Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 56–60 cm. World’s largest woodpecker; huge, with pointed crest. Male has side of crown back to underside of crest and nape red, feathers with white bases; rest of head and neck, also upperparts, underparts and tail, black...
figure, drawing, illustration of Imperial Woodpecker (Campephilus imperialis)

Asian Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon)

Taxonomy:

Ibis nippon

Temminck, 1835, Japan.

Proposed race sinensis, described around end of 19th century, turned out to be the species’ breeding plumage. Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: 55–84 cm. Distinctive bushy-crested ibis with red facial skin and legs. Non-breeding adult white, with orangish-cinnamon tones in tail and flight feathers, whereas breeding adult has grey head, neck, mantle and...
figure, drawing, illustration of Asian Crested Ibis (Nipponia nippon)