Samamisian Alps, Gilan, Iran.
Was previously thought to form a species-group with G. himalayensis, G. indicus (with tenuirostris), G. coprotheres and G. rueppelli. Recent genetic data indicate that present species forms a clade with G. rueppelli, and that these two are sister to a clade comprising G. indicus, G. tenuirostris and G. coprotheres#R, an arrangement independently supported by study based on wider molecular sample from additional loci#R. Has sometimes been considered conspecific with G. coprotheres; also occasionally with G. himalayensis, to which race fulvescens appears closely related#R. Population of Punjab Salt Range (N Pakistan), described as G. indicus jonesi, belongs to race fulvescens of present species. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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