Family Cuckoos (Cuculidae)

Least Concern

Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris)


French: Ani à bec cannelé German: Riefenschnabelani Spanish: Garrapatero asurcado

Crotophaga sulcirostris


, 1827,

Temascáltepec, Mexico


Sister to C. ani#R (which see). Doubtful race †pallidula (S Baja California) presumed extinct. Monotypic.


Gulf of Mexico from S USA (Texas) and Mexico S through Central America to N Chile, occassionally NW Argentina, and E to E Venezuela; Leeward Antilles. Disperses N into continental North America.

Descriptive notes

32 cm; male 80 g, female 70 g. Adult glossy black, long loose tail; skin around eye black, iris brown to black; bill arched, laterally compressed, no hump at base, upper... read more


Series of “tijo” notes, the first upslurred, given in excitement or alarm; also a... read more


Second-growth scrub, thickets, drier scrubby areas, pastures, fields, marshes, cleared and... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, mainly grasshoppers, also cockroaches, grubs, cicadas, flies, wasps, ants, spiders; small vertebrates, including Anolis... read more


Breeds May–Jul in Oaxaca, Jun–early Sept in Caribbean lowlands of Mexico; in Costa Rica in rainy season Jun–Nov, later in... read more


Resident, but nomadic. After breeding season, occasional birds appear 1000 km from nearest breeding... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common to abundant in much of range, replaced by C. ani in Pacific areas of Central America; formerly lived also on islands of S Baja... read more

Recommended citation

Payne, R. (2020). Groove-billed Ani (Crotophaga sulcirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 30 March 2020).