Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Near Threatened

Guayaquil Woodpecker (Campephilus gayaquilensis)


French: Pic de Guayaquil German: Guayaquilspecht Spanish: Picamaderos de Guayaquil

Picus Gayaquilensis


, 1845,

Guayaquil, Ecuador


This species, and all current congeners except C. magellanicus, C. principalis and C. imperialis, formerly placed in genus Phloeoceastes. Closely related to C. guatemalensis and C. melanoleucos. Monotypic.


W slope of Andes and adjacent lowlands from SW Colombia (SW Cauca) S to NW Peru (S to Cajamarca).

Descriptive notes

32–34 cm; 230–253 g. Large woodpecker. Male has small black and white oval spot on rear lower ear-coverts; rest of head and crest red, sometimes black and buff of... read more


Rather similar to C. melanoleucos. Commonest call is a liquid, rolling “kwi-kwi-kwe-... read more


Humid to dry deciduous forest, forest edge, and tall second growth. Recorded up to 1100 m in... read more

Food and feeding

Details of diet not documented; probably similar to C. melanoleucos. Often in pairs. Forages on dead branches in canopy and in... read more


Season at least Oct and May; in W Ecuador, excavating nest in Jul and pair with immature seen in Oct. No further details known.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common in Ecuador; uncommon in Peru. In Ecuador, occurs in Río Palenque Science... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Guayaquil Woodpecker (Campephilus gayaquilensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).