Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Least Concern

Guianan Toucanet (Selenidera piperivora)


French: Toucanet koulik German: Pfefferfresser Spanish: Tucanete culik

Ramphastos piperivorus


, 1758,



Distinctive within genus; not very closely related to S. spectabilis, but these two have sometimes been included in the probable species-group centred on S. maculirostris (which see), although they differ in voice and displays. Previously listed as S. culik; present name has priority by 69 years, but was thought to be unidentifiable; recent investigative work concludes that Linnaeus’s subsequent (1766) description is enough to validate identity of original description#R#R#R. Monotypic.


Extreme SE Venezuela, the Guianas and N Brazil N of Amazon (from lower R Negro E to E Amapá).

Descriptive notes

33–35 cm; male 129–159 g, female 132–165 g. Long bill red and black, upperparts green, tail green above with chestnut tips usually on all pairs of rectrices... read more


Large repertoire but vocalizes comparatively infrequently, especially song, which is slow series of... read more


Moist lowland to hill forest, and gallery forest in savannas; selectively cut forest used less than... read more

Food and feeding

Peppers, Cecropia and other fruits, including figs and palm fruits; also insects at times. Evidence for co-evolution with palm... read more


Mar–May in Guianas and Venezuela, or Apr–Jul in Brazil. Male courtship-feeds female, allopreens; raises head when calling or... read more


Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Often common. Possible that relatively small size and formidable bill may enable this species to acquire suitable nesting cavities more readily than... read more

Recommended citation

Short, L.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Guianan Toucanet (Selenidera piperivora). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).