Family Pittas (Pittidae)


Gurney’s Pitta (Hydrornis gurneyi)


French: Brève de Gurney German: Gurneypitta Spanish: Pita de Gurney

Pitta Gurneyi

A. O. Hume

, 1875,

southern Tenasserim, Myanmar




Extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim) and perhaps adjacent Thailand#R; also far S Thailand in Khao Nor Chuchi (Krabi Province)#R, where possibly only females remain.

Descriptive notes

21 cm; 57–86 g. Male has black head, glossy ultramarine-blue central crown to nape; upperparts plain warm brown, longest uppertail-coverts and tail shining blue; chin... read more


Heard in Mar–Jun, a short, explosive “lilip”, female call shorter “llup... read more


Inhabits lowland semi-evergreen and secondary riverine rainforest dominated by dipterocarp trees... read more

Food and feeding

Variety of prey reported: annelid worms, many kinds of insects and their larvae, spiders, slugs and snails, and small frogs. Use of anvils... read more


Season late Apr–Oct, with peak in Jun. Domed nest 19–20 cm in diameter, with side entrance 10 cm × 7 cm, constructed of... read more



Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES I. Previously listed as Critically Endangered. Extremely rare and local. Considered common in S Myanmar (Tenasserim) in late 19th century, but not recorded... read more

Recommended citation

Erritzoe, J. & de Juana, E. (2019). Gurney’s Pitta (Hydrornis gurneyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 March 2019).