Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Hainan Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis hainanus)


French: Gobemouche de Hainan German: Hainanblauschnäpper Spanish: Papamoscas de Hainan

Siphia hainana


, 1900,

Five-finger Mountains, interior of Hainan, southern China


Until recently considered monotypic, but molecular analysis has revealed that the seemingly distinctive form klossi, previously treated as a subspecies of C. rubeculoides, is genetically undifferentiated from present species, such that it might even be regarded as a colour morph#R, although subspecific status accorded here. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. h. hainanus (Ogilvie-Grant, 1900) – C, E & S Myanmar, S China (Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan), Thailand (except C and extreme E), Laos (except S), Cambodia (except E) and Vietnam (S to C Annam).
  • C. h. klossi Robinson, 1921 – E Thailand, S Laos, E Cambodia (at least S Mondulkiri#R) and S Vietnam (C Annam S to Cochinchina).
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14 cm. Small blue (male) or brown (female) forest flycatcher. Male has deep blue head and upper­parts, including edges of upperwing and tail, brighter blue on... read more


    Song a series of five notes, the first three ascending, the fourth falling and the last rising,... read more


    Lowland, mature broadleaf, evergreen, semi-evergreen and mixed deciduous forests, also bamboo... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet not well known, but includes small invertebrates. Solitary or in pairs. Forages in middle levels of forest trees.


    Season Apr–Jul. Few other data; broods of four fledged in SE China (Hong Kong), where one pair used same nest in successive years.... read more


    Mostly resident, but some altitudinal movement; passage migrant Apr–May and Sept–Oct in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common or fairly common; locally common throughout much of SE China, but uncommon breeding visitor and rare winter visitor in Hong... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Hainan Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis hainanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).