Family Laughingthrushes and allies (Leiotrichidae)

Near Threatened

Hainan Laughingthrush (Garrulax monachus)


French: Garrulaxe moine German: Hainanhäherling Spanish: Charlatán de Hainan

Garrulax monachus


, 1870,



Until recently considered conspecific with G. chinensis, but split prompted by molecular evidence#R although comparisons failed to include G. c. germaini, the closest in plumage colour. Differs from latter in its black vs white ear-coverts, lower face and submoustachial area (4); all-darkish-brown underparts with no hint of mid-grey on belly (1); notably smaller size (effect size for male wings –2.82, score 2). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.


Descriptive notes

23–25 cm. Rather small, dark laughingthrush with black face. Adult has forehead, lores, submoustachial area and ear-coverts down to chin, throat and centre of breast black,... read more


Rich, fluty song with interspersed coarser notes and squeaky whistles, much like that of G.... read more


Forest, second growth, scrub and grassland areas, to c. 1500 m.

Food and feeding

Insects; some plant material. Occurs in pairs or in small groups; flocks of up to 12 or more individuals recorded. Often associates with... read more


Season Mar–Aug; probably multi-brooded. Nest a loose cup made from shreds of rattan, bamboo and other leaves and roots, lined with fine and... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Uncommon. Restricted-range species: confined to the Hainan EBA, where it is now found mainly in S half of the... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Hainan Laughingthrush (Garrulax monachus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).