Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)


Hainan Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron katsumatae)


French: Éperonnier de Hainan German: Hainanpfaufasan Spanish: Espolonero de Hainán

Polyplectron katsumatæ


, 1906,

Mt Wuzhi, Hainan


Traditionally treated as a race of P. bicalcaratum, but differs in size and morphology. Male katsumatae differ from males of other taxa in P. bicalcaratum in their smaller size (effect size on wing 8.57, score 3); brilliant red and more extensive vs dirty grey to pale yellow and less extensive facial skin (3); green vs purplish ocelli, with a somewhat different shape (2); lack of elongate crown feathers (1); darker crown (1); more densely and neatly vermiculated body plumage (ns[1]); browner vs greyer overall coloration (ns[1])#R#R#R. Iris colour may also be a character, and the taxa are in fact not each other’s closest relatives, bicalcaratum being sister to P. chalcurum with P. inopinatum sister to this pair#R#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

C & SW Hainan (S China).

Descriptive notes

Male 53–65 cm (including tail), female 40–45 cm (including tail). Male has head and neck dark brown with narrow light buff barring, elongated forecrown feathers usually... read more


Male emits brief series of loud “guang-gui”, first note more protracated than second one. Female... read more


Dense evergreen and semi-evergreen forest; also secondary forest, but probably capable of surviving... read more

Food and feeding

Poorly known. Presumably feeds mostly on seeds and berries, supplemented with some small invertebrates.


Season reported to start in Mar–Apr, although nests have been found between late Feb and second week of Jun, with nestlings recorded as... read more


Sedentary. Home range small and relatively fixed (male: 2·95 ha, range 2·32–8·59 ha; female: 2·54... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Global population estimated to lie in range 250–1000 individuals, and species is known from total of 18 localities. Believed to have declined severely since 1990... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Hainan Peacock-pheasant (Polyplectron katsumatae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 10 December 2019).