Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Least Concern

Halmahera Golden Bulbul (Thapsinillas chloris)


French: Bulbul d’Halmahera German: Halmaherabülbül Spanish: Bulbul de Halmahera

Criniger Chloris


, 1867,

Halmahera, north Moluccas


Until recently considered conspecific with T. longirostris, but this was split into five species#R (now six), present species differing from its geographically and morphologically closest relative, T. lucasi, in its olive-green vs yellow lores (3); olive-green vs olive-yellow ear-coverts (1); blackish base to submoustachial area vs all olive-green (2); and slightly smaller size and distinctly shorter wing (effect size −2.28) (2); voice apparently also distinctive#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Morotai, Halmahera and Bacan (N Moluccas).

Descriptive notes

20 cm; 38–42 g. Large, conspicuous, olive-and-yellow bulbul with long bill, weak rictal bristles. Adult is predominantly uniform olive-green, relieved by slightly paler... read more


Song is a series of 8–15 drawn-out, high-pitched and descending whistles lasting 0·5 seconds,... read more


Occupies primary, secondary and degraded evergreen and semi-evergreen forest, as well as mixed... read more

Food and feeding

No information on diet. Usually observed in pairs or small groups of fewer than ten individuals. Recorded eating berries.


No information, except that birds were in breeding condition in Sept on Halmahera. Recorded on nest in Sep.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: confined to three islands in the Northern Maluku EBA. Generally considered to be fairly common, with... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Bonan, A. (2019). Halmahera Golden Bulbul (Thapsinillas chloris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 August 2019).