Family Birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae)

Least Concern

Halmahera Paradise-crow (Lycocorax pyrrhopterus)


French: Paradisier corvin German: Molukkenparadieskrähe Spanish: Ave del paraíso corvina de Halmahera

C[orvus]. pyrrhopterus


, 1850,

Gilolo [= Halmahera]


Previously treated as conspecific with L. obiensis (see that species). Race morotensis notably larger than nominate; assessment of its vocal distinctiveness may lead to its specific separation. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. p. morotensis Schlegel, 1863 – Morotai and Rau, in N Moluccas.
  • L. p. pyrrhopterus (Bonaparte, 1850) – Halmahera, Kasiruta and Bacan.
  • Descriptive notes

    42–44 cm; male 242–304 g, female 218–276 g. Nominate race has entire head slightly glossy blackish dusky brown, darkest on crown; mantle to uppertail-... read more


    Several distinct vocalizations, some advertisement and others contact or alarm notes. Geographical... read more


    Lowland, hill and middle montane forests, extending into gardens, forest edge and regrowth; rarely... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mostly fruits, some arthropods. At least fruits fed to nestlings. Forages mainly in dense upper midstorey and canopy foliage. Usually... read more


    Season at least Dec to early Jun, single nestlings in two nests (Mt Gamkonora, on Halmahera) mid Apr; males with enlarged gonads in Jan,... read more


    No information.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: present in Northern Maluku EBA. CITES II. Locally common on Halmahera, where average of 0·2 (0... read more

    Recommended citation

    Frith, C., Frith, D. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Halmahera Paradise-crow (Lycocorax pyrrhopterus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).