Family Cotingas (Cotingidae)

Least Concern

Handsome Fruiteater (Pipreola formosa)


French: Cotinga magnifique German: Weißfleckenkotinga Spanish: Frutero hermoso

Ampelis formosa


, 1849,

Caracas, Venezuela


Race rubidior (with pariae) suggested may be a separate species on basis of some plumage characters and size#R, but supposed differences not supported in review of museum material and more likely reflect individual and/or clinal variation#R; calls similar, though song somewhat lower-pitched than that of nominate#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. f. formosa (Hartlaub, 1849) – Handsome Fruiteater – mountains of N Venezuela from Yaracuy and Carabobo E to Distrito Federal and Miranda; recorded in Falcón.
  • P. f. rubidior (Chapman, 1925) – Paria Fruiteater – coastal mountains of N Venezuela in NE Anzoátegui, W Sucre and N Monagas.
  • P. f. pariae Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1949 – mountains of Paria Peninsula, in NE Venezuela.
  • Descriptive notes

    16–18 cm; male 43–49 g, 2 females 41 g and 45 g. Rather distinctive, with prominent white on tertials. Male nominate race has black head and throat, green upper... read more


    A high, thin “pik” and “ti-ti-ti-ti-ti-ti...”; song a high “pee... read more


    Humid to wet premontane and montane forest; 800–2200 m.

    Food and feeding

    Mostly small fruits, taken either while perched or in short upward sally with momentary hover. Sometimes briefly joins mixed-species flocks.


    No direct information. Moult (presumably post-breeding) begins mainly May–Jul, indicating breeding in early months of year.


    None recorded.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Caripe-Paria Region EBA and Cordillera de la Costa Central EBA. Fairly common to common, and the most numerous... read more

    Recommended citation

    Snow, D. (2020). Handsome Fruiteater (Pipreola formosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).