Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Harlequin Antbird (Rhegmatorhina berlepschi)


French: Fourmilier arlequin German: Rostbrust-Ameisenvogel Spanish: Hormiguero arlequín

Anoplops berlepschi

E. Snethlage

, 1907,

Vila Braga, Pará, Brazil


Hybridizes extensively with R. hoffmannsi in upper R Madeira–R Tapajós interfluvium; study of genetic introgression being undertaken#R. Monotypic.


S of R Amazon in Madeira–Tapajós interfluvium, Brazil.

Descriptive notes

14–15 cm. Large periorbital patch pale greyish-green; small crest. Male has crown dark brownish, crest and nape rufous-chestnut, upperparts, wings and tail olive-brown... read more


Loudsong (e.g. 7 notes, 3·5 seconds) begins with long flat whistle followed by more abrupt... read more


Understorey of humid lowland evergreen forest (terra firme), to 100 m.

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects (particularly orthopterans), spiders and other arthropods, virtually all of which obtained by following army-ant swarms... read more


Little known. Thought to breed late in rainy season (slightly later than R. gymnops occurring E of R Tapajós), with adults... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon. Has relatively tiny range, and considered to be of high sensitivity to human disturbance. Main stronghold lies in the Tapajós National Park... read more

Recommended citation

Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2020). Harlequin Antbird (Rhegmatorhina berlepschi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).