Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Near Threatened

Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja)


Taxonomy

French: Harpie féroce German: Harpyie Spanish: Arpía mayor
Taxonomy:

Vultur Harpyja

Linnaeus

, 1758,

Mexico

.

Only close relative appears to be Morphnus guianensis. Monotypic.

Distribution:

S Mexico (from S Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Chiapas and apparently Campeche) through Central America to Colombia and Ecuador, then E through Venezuela to the Guianas and S through E Peru, Bolivia (W to La Paz and Pando), Paraguay and Brazil to extreme NE Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

89–105 cm; male 4000–4800 g, female 6000–9000 g; wingspan 176–201 cm. A truly massive raptor. Head greyish with a dark, divided crest; relatively... read more

Voice

Loud wailing “wheeeeeee” or “wheeeeoooooo”, plaintive, piping “whee whee wheeu” with emphasis on... read more

Habitat

Lowland tropical forest; normally below 800 m, but single record at 1600 m in Colombia. Occurs in... read more

Food and feeding

Preys on large, powerful vertebrates. A synthesis of published data found that sloths accounted for 50% of prey items and biomass... read more

Breeding

Between 1980 and 1992 some 113 nests reported in the literature, 52 of them in Panama; since then much additional work has been conducted,... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES I. Formerly red listed in category Rare, but currently considered Near Threatened. Sparsely distributed throughout extensive range, and... read more

Recommended citation

Bierregaard, R.O., Jr, Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53150 on 21 October 2018).