Family Bustards (Otididae)

Least Concern

Hartlaub's Bustard (Lissotis hartlaubii)


French: Outarde de Hartlaub German: Hartlaubtrappe Spanish: Sisón ventrinegro de Hartlaub

Otis Hartlaubii


, 1863,

eastern Sennar, Sudan


Closely related to L. melanogaster. Monotypic.


SE Sudan and E South Sudan through Ethiopia to NW & S Somalia, NE Uganda, NW & S Kenya and N Tanzania.

Descriptive notes

Male 60 cm, 1500–1600 g. Similar to L. melanogaster but greyer and more cleanly marked, with lower back, rump and tail blackish. Female has head and hindneck... read more


Displaying males inflate and extend the neck and utter a 'tok' call followed by a... read more


Open, tall grassland with scattered Acacia, up to 1600 m. In Kenya, occurs in lower, drier... read more

Food and feeding

Little known. Invertebrates and vegetable matter recorded.


April in Ethiopia; January and June in E Africa (in both rainy periods when grass tallest), with aerial display recorded in November. Three... read more


Sedentary and nomadic, although considered a partial intra-African migrant based on records in Jan... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. The size of the global population is unknown. Locally common in Kenya and Sudan, although rare and local at edge of range... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2020). Hartlaub's Bustard (Lissotis hartlaubii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 3 April 2020).