Family Finches (Fringillidae)


Hawaii Akepa (Loxops coccineus)


French: Loxopse d’Hawaï German: Hawaii-Akepakleidervogel Spanish: Akepa de Hawaii

Fringilla coccinea

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

Sandwich Islands = Hawaii


Until recently considered conspecific with L. ochraceus (which see) and †L. wolstenholmei; formerly regarded as conspecific also with L. caeruleirostris. Monotypic.


Hawaii, in E Hawaiian Is.

Descriptive notes

10 cm; 9·2–13 g. A very small finch-like passerine with a conical bill; tips of mandibles slightly crossed, mainly by deflection of upper mandible to right or... read more


Typical call a short warble, "teedle-ee-dee" or "teedleee", also a short... read more


Mainly old-growth forests of ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) and koa (Acacia koa)... read more

Food and feeding

Diet mainly invertebrates, including caterpillars, spiders (Araneae), psyllids (Psyllidae) and planthoppers (of family Delphacidae),... read more


Egg-laying in Mar–Jun. Monogamous, with long-lasting pair-bond. In pre-breeding group displays, males sing and engage in aerial dog-... read more



Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA and Hawai‘i EBA. Has tiny global range, extent of which continuing to decrease. Numbers... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. (2020). Hawaii Akepa (Loxops coccineus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).