Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Vulnerable

Hawaiian Coot (Fulica alai)


Taxonomy

French: Foulque des Hawaï German: Hawaiiblässhuhn Spanish: Focha hawaiana
Taxonomy:

Fulica alai

Peale

, 1848,

Hawaiian Islands

.

Sometimes regarded as a race of F. americana. Closely related to F. cristata, F. atra, F. americana, F. leucoptera and F. ardesiaca. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Hawaiian Is.

Descriptive notes

39 cm. Differs from F. americana in shorter wing, pale grey or bluish legs and feet, and more swollen frontal shield which extends back to crown; bill and shield... read more

Voice

Chicken-like “keck-keck” calls and other clucks and creaks.

Habitat

All types of wetland, including fresh and saltwater ponds, estuaries and marshes, irrigation... read more

Food and feeding

Limited information available. Mainly vegetarian; food apparently similar to that of F. americana.

Breeding

Breeds throughout year, mostly Apr–Aug. Monogamous; territorial when breeding. Nest floating, usually built among robust emergent... read more

Movements

No information; apparently wanders between islands.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Hawai'i EBA. Resident on all main Hawaiian Is from Niihau eastward, except Lanai, with stragglers reaching as far W as... read more

Recommended citation

Taylor, B. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Hawaiian Coot (Fulica alai). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53696 on 15 December 2019).