Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)


Helmeted Woodpecker (Hylatomus galeatus)


French: Pic casqué German: Wellenohrspecht Spanish: Picamaderos caricanelo

Picus galeatus


, 1822,



In some plumage and structural features this species resembles Celeus (especially C. spectabilis); a recent multilocus phylogenetic analysis supports indeed to include this species within Celeus#R. Monotypic.


E Paraguay, NE Argentina (Misiones) and SE Brazil (São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina; probably extinct in Rio Grande do Sul).

Descriptive notes

c. 27–28 cm; 124 g. Male has red head and long crest, sometimes with buff or black feather bases showing through, forehead, lores and ear-coverts more cinnamon, ear-... read more


Loud ringing series of 3–12 “keer” notes, shorter and slower than that of H.... read more


Tall lowland and montane forest. Primary forest, disturbed and even logged (primary) forest, so... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on beetle larvae living beneath bark. Mostly found singly or in pairs. Forages in middle storey at 14–15 m in forest interior;... read more


Nests found in Sept–Oct; season probably to Feb. A nest in Misiones, Argentina, was in branch of a laurel tree (Nectandra... read more



Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Total population estimated at no more than 10,000 individuals, and perhaps significantly fewer. Known from only a small area of at most 24,000 km²; probably... read more

Recommended citation

Winkler, H., Christie, D.A., Bonan, A., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Helmeted Woodpecker (Hylatomus galeatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 May 2019).