French: Grive solitaire German: Einsiedler-Musendrossel Spanish: Zorzalito colirrufo
Kodiak Island, Alaska
Subspecies and Distribution
C. g. guttatus
(Pallas, 1811) – Pacific Hermit Thrush – S Alaska and W Canada (Yukon); non-breeding W USA and N & C Mexico.
C. g. nanus
(Audubon, 1839) – coastal SE Alaska and W Canada (British Columbia and Vancouver I); non-breeding W USA, NW Mexico (Baja California).
C. g. slevini
(Grinnell, 1901) – W coast of USA; non-breeding NW Mexico.
C. g. sequoiensis
(Belding, 1889) – mountains of SW USA, also NW & N Mexico in N Baja California (Sierra San Pedro Mártir) and Chihuahua; non-breeding SC USA and N Mexico.
C. g. auduboni
(S. F. Baird, 1864) – Mountain Hermit Thrush – Rocky Mts of WC Canada and NW USA; non-breeding WC USA and Mexico S to Guatemala.
C. g. polionotus
(Grinnell, 1918) – Rocky Mts of NC USA; non-breeding W Mexico.
C. g. faxoni
(Bangs & T. E. Penard, 1921) – Eastern Hermit Thrush – EC & E Canada and E USA; non-breeding SE USA and NE & EC Mexico.
C. g. crymophilus
(Burleigh & J. L. Peters, 1948) – Newfoundland and adjacent areas; non-breeding SE & SC USA.
16–18 cm; 18–37 g. Nominate race is rufous-tinged greyish-brown above, shading warmer on rump and dull rufous-brown on tail, with warm brown edges of primaries;... read more
Song, by male, commonly from top of tall conifer, a series of short (1·5–2 seconds)... read more
Breeds in arctic-alpine woodland, boreal forests, aspen parkland, coniferous and mixed deciduous-... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly animal matter in spring and summer (93–99%); high proportion of vegetable matter in autumn and winter (44–60%). Diet of... read more
End Apr to end Aug, average first-egg date 15th Jun (± 19 days); at least occasionally double-brooded (in one study, in years of... read more
Migrant or partial migrant; unclear if some populations resident. Generally a short-distance... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common. In Canadian Maritime Provinces, breeding population estimated at 282,000 pairs. Nesting densities variable with... read more
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