Family Bustards (Otididae)

Least Concern

Heuglin's Bustard (Neotis heuglinii)


French: Outarde de Heuglin German: Heuglintrappe Spanish: Avutarda somalí

Otis heuglinii


, 1859,

near the wells of Thushha, between Zeila and Harar, Ethiopia


Often considered to form species pair with N. denhami, but perhaps closer to N. nuba. Monotypic.


Eritrea, E & S Ethiopia, Djibouti, N & SC Somalia and N & C Kenya.

Descriptive notes

Male 75 cm, 4000–8000 g; female 2600–3000 g. Generally similar to N. nuba, but with smudged black face, crown paler shading backward to whitish, chestnut... read more


Apparently unknown.


Arid lowlands in open desert with annual grass, semi-desert savanna and tussocky grassland; 93% of... read more

Food and feeding

Little known. Orthoptera, small vertebrates (lizards, mice), berries and other vegetable matter recorded. Observed feeding at a rubbish... read more


Apr–Jun in NE Africa (Ethiopia and Somalia), Jan and Jun in N Kenya, timed for when rains make grass tallest. Nest is a scrape on... read more


Sedentary and nomadic.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Fairly common in N Kenya and N Somalia (records much sparser and less common in S Somalia). In Somaliland it appears to be... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Heuglin's Bustard (Neotis heuglinii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).