Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Hill Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis banyumas)


French: Gobemouche des collines German: Bergblauschnäpper Spanish: Papamoscas de Banyumas

Muscicapa Banyumas


, 1821,

Province of Banyumas, Java


Has been considered conspecific with C. lemprieri; songs rather similar, and separation based mainly on plumage. Until recently considered conspecific with C. magnirostris, which proves to be vocally rather close to Javan and Bornean taxa of present species but not to mainland subspecies, and molecular analysis places Javan and Bornean taxa some distance from mainland forms#R; thus evidence emerging that mainland taxa may require separation as one species, with perhaps two species (which differ vocally) in Indonesia#R. Race mardii, described from Panaitan I, off Java, sometimes recognized. Some evidence of hybridization with C. sumatrensis in Malay Peninsula. Race montanus previously and erroneously listed as coeruleatus in HBW and elsewhere#R, but this name is unavailable#R. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. b. whitei Harington, 1908 – Hill Blue-flycatcher – N & E Myanmar, SC China (S Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, W Guangxi#R), N Thailand, N & C Laos and N Vietnam (W Tonkin, N Annam), probably also extreme NE India (NE Arunachal Pradesh#R); non-breeding also NE India#R and W & C Myanmar#R.
  • C. b. lekhakuni (Deignan, 1956) – hills of S Thailand.
  • C. b. deignani Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 – SE Thailand.
  • C. b. coerulifrons E. C. S. Baker, 1918 – S Thailand and N & C Peninsular Malaysia.
  • C. b. ligus (Deignan, 1947) – W Java.
  • C. b. banyumas (Horsfield, 1821) – Javan Blue-flycatcher – C & E Java.
  • C. b. montanus Robinson & Kinnear, 1928 – Dayak Blue-flycatcher – Borneo.
  • Descriptive notes

    14–15·5 cm; 14–17 g. Medium-sized flycatcher, male blue, orange and white, and female brownish with rufous rump. Male nominate race has forehead to over... read more


    Song a loud and melodious cadence of warbling notes, including “cheet chee chee cheew... read more


    Dense and moist primary and secondary broadleaf forests, often in ravines and bamboo thickets,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food includes small invertebrates, principally flies (Diptera) but also small beetles (Coleoptera) and cockroaches (Blattodea). Usually in... read more


    Season mainly Mar–Jul, but breeds in all months on Java. Nest an untidy cup of moss and fine plant fibres, placed low down in... read more


    Resident and migratory. Passage migrant and winter visitor from breeding areas in S China (and... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Rare in NE India; uncommon in S China. Common or locally common throughout SE Asia; very common in N, C & S Thailand, and common... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Hill Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis banyumas). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).