Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Least Concern

Himalayan Buzzard (Buteo refectus)


French: Buse de l’Himalaya German: Tibetbussard Spanish: Busardo del Himalaya

Buteo japonicus refectus


, 1935,

Yushu, Qinghai, China


Until past decade considered conspecific with B. buteo, but separated (under the name burmanicus; confusion over correct name now resolved#R#R) from B. b. vulpinus on account of size, plumage and vocal differences#R and this now supported by molecular evidence#R. Monotypic.


S Tibet and Himalayas.

Descriptive notes

45–53 cm; no data on body mass or wingspan. Wing length (mean ± SD) 383·7 ± 9·4 mm for 28 males, 404 ± 11·2 mm for 19 females... read more


A loud “peee-ooo” similar to that of B. buteo but clearer, higher-pitched and... read more


Uses open areas such as fields, wetlands, semi-forested montane areas and cultivated slopes. Occurs... read more

Food and feeding

Very few data. Reported to take rodents, small birds, reptiles and invertebrates, and to hunt from a perch and by hovering.


Almost nothing known. Said to breed from Apr–Jun and construct a bulky stick nest on a cliff ledge.


Largely sedentary over most of range, or a short-distance elevational migrant.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Status difficult to determine because of confusion with other buzzards. Owing in part to recent taxonomic split, BirdLife... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Himalayan Buzzard (Buteo refectus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 May 2019).