Family Finches (Fringillidae)


Hispaniolan Crossbill (Loxia megaplaga)


French: Bec-croisé d’Hispaniola German: Hispaniolakreuzschnabel Spanish: Piquituerto de La Española

Loxia megaplaga


, 1916,

El Río, 4000 feet [c. 1220 m], Santo Domingo


Previously considered conspecific with L. leucoptera, but differs in plumage details; recent genetic analysis indicates that the two are better treated as separate species. Monotypic.


Mountains of Hispaniola.

Descriptive notes

15–16 cm; 26·7–30·4 g. Medium-sized, short-legged finch with broad white wingbars, large crossed mandibles and forked tail. Male has forehead to crown and... read more


Calls include high-pitched series of strident "chu-chu-chu-chu" notes, frequently noisy... read more


Montane pine forests, principally of Hispaniolan pine (Pinus occidentalis), also open... read more

Food and feeding

Diet not well studied. Apparently closely tied to Hispaniolan pine, seeds of which it extracts from cones, utilizing large bill. Forages at... read more


Season Dec–Apr. Nest a deep compact cup of twigs, plant fibres, roots, moss, lichens, bark strips, grass, animal hair and feathers,... read more


Resident and locally nomadic; wanders in search of feeding areas. Vagrant in Jamaica, where at... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Hispaniola EBA. Uncommon to locally common or scarce. Has a tiny and fragmented global range extent of which is still... read more

Recommended citation

Clement, P. (2018). Hispaniolan Crossbill (Loxia megaplaga). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 March 2018).