Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Hispaniolan Emerald (Chlorostilbon swainsonii)


French: Émeraude d’Hispaniola German: Hispaniolasmaragdkolibri Spanish: Esmeralda de La Española

Ornismya Swainsonii


, 1829,

Brazil; error = Hispaniola


Considered to be closely related to C. ricordii and C. maugaeus, and all three formerly separated in genus Riccordia. Monotypic.


Hispaniola; erroneously recorded from I de Gonâve.

Descriptive notes

Male 9·5–10·5 cm, female 8·5–9·5 cm; 2·5–5 g. Male has maxilla black, mandible red, distal third slightly decurved;... read more


Sharp metallic chipping notes, sometimes given in long series.


Dense montane rainforest, shade-coffee plantations, forest edges and scrub, at 300–2500 m,... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on nectar of flowering Inga vera, Heliconia bihai, Rhytidophyllum auriculatum, Caesalpinia pulcherima... read more


Jan–Jun, but with irregular nesting until at least Aug. Large cup-shaped nest of moss, fern fibres and other plant materials,... read more


Sedentary, with at least occasional altitudinal wandering, and those at highest elevations perhaps... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Hispaniola EBA. Most of its very small range is under threat of deforestation,... read more

Recommended citation

Bündgen, R. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Hispaniolan Emerald (Chlorostilbon swainsonii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).