Family Cranes (Gruidae)


Hooded Crane (Grus monacha)


French: Grue moine German: Mönchskranich Spanish: Grulla monje

Grus monacha


, 1835,

Hokkaido and Korea


Molecular data indicate that G. nigricollis is this species’ closest living relative#R. Hybrids between this species and G. grus recorded on migration in NE China#R. Monotypic.


SE Russia (middle to lower Amur S to Bikin basin, and the W & S Sokha-Yakutia)#R and N China (Heilongjiang)#R. Winters mainly in S Japan; also South Korea and C & E China.

Descriptive notes

91–100 cm; male 3280–4870 g, female 3400–3740 g; wingspan 160–180 cm. Grey body; head white except for “hood” of bare red skin above eye... read more


Loud, rolling and high-pitched calls.


In breeding range, occupies isolated bogs and higher altitude forested wetlands, e.g. of larch (... read more

Food and feeding

In breeding areas, feeds on aquatic plants, berries, insects, frogs and salamanders. In winter, rhizomes, seeds and grains; artificial... read more


Spring breeder; eggs laid in late Apr or early May. Nest constructed of damp moss, peat, sedge stalks and leaves, and branches of larch and... read more


Migrates through NE China, where noticeable concentrations recorded at Beidahe, Hebei. The... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES I.  The breeding range extends across south-central and south-eastern Siberia, Russia. More recently (early 1990s) discovered breeding, in... read more

Recommended citation

Archibald, G.W., Meine, C.D., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Hooded Crane (Grus monacha). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).