French: Oriole masqué German: Maskentrupial Spanish: Turpial enmascarado
Subspecies and Distribution
I. c. nelsoni
Ridgway, 1885 – Western Hooded Oriole – SW USA (N California E to W Texas), S to NW Mexico (N Baja California, Sonora and N Chihuahua); non-breeding range extends S to Sinaloa (W Mexico).
I. c. trochiloides
Grinnell, 1927 – C & S Baja California (from San Ignacio S to Cabo San Lucas).
I. c. cucullatus
Swainson, 1827 – Eastern Hooded Oriole – S USA (S Texas in middle Rio Grande Valley) S along edge of Mexican Plateau (Coahuila and Nuevo León) to Puebla, Oaxaca and S Veracruz; winters from Jalisco S to Guerrero and S Oaxaca, in S Mexico.
I. c. sennetti
Ridgway, 1901 – S USA (S Texas in lower Rio Grande Valley) S to E Mexico (S Tamaulipas); winters S to N Guerrero and Morelos, in S Mexico.
I. c. igneus
Ridgway, 1885 – S Mexico from E Tabasco, N Chiapas and coastal Yucatán Peninsula (including adjacent islands of Holbox, Mujeres, Cozumel and others) S to N Belize.
18·5–20 cm; male average 24·3 g, female average 23·1 g. A small orange-yellow oriole. Male nominate race is mostly deep orange, including most of... read more
Song, covering wide frequency range, is a fast series of warbles, clicks and some chattering or... read more
Palm groves (e.g. of Washingtonia), riparian habitats with scattered trees such as willows... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and other arthropods, nectar and fruits. Insects reported include lepidopteran caterpillars and beetles (Coleoptera). Takes nectar... read more
Season Apr–Jul in USA (California) and Feb–Sept in Mexico; depending on latitude, two or more broods reared per season, and... read more
N populations are short-distance migrants; those farther S in Mexico (particularly race igneus... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common or locally common. Range expanding N in California. Tolerates moderate disturbance, and lives in parks and gardens, often in... read more
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