French: Vautour charognard German: Kappengeier Spanish: Alimoche sombrío
Subspecies and Distribution
N. m. monachus
(Temminck, 1823) – sub-Saharan Africa from S Mauritania and Senegal E through Niger and Chad to W Sudan, South Sudan and N Uganda.
N. m. pileatus
(Burchell, 1824) – E Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and W Somalia S (away from densely forested areas and continuous desert) to N Namibia and Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa.
54–56 cm; 1500–2600 g; wingspan 150–180 cm. Small vulture with long thin bill and pink face that can flush bright purple. Sexes alike. Juvenile usually with... read more
Often silent. At nest and while feeding, gives thin, quiet squeals, chittering sounds, and barks. read more
Mainly open woodland and savanna, also forest edge; generally absent from desert and dense forest,... read more
Food and feeding
Carrion and some small insects, including termites; also food scraps and excreta around human habitation. Occasionally feeds on fruits of... read more
In W Africa and Kenya breeds throughout year, especially Nov–Jul; otherwise, laying usually after rainy season, Oct–Mar (... read more
Probably sedentary in most areas, but may range over 200 km when not breeding, especially juveniles... read more
Status and conservation
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Probably undergoing extremely rapid decline. Global population currently estimated at no more than 197,000 individuals. Until recently was common to... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!