Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina)


French: Paruline à capuchon German: Kapuzenwaldsänger Spanish: Reinita encapuchada

Muscicapa citrina


, 1783,

Louisiana, USA




SE Canada (extreme SE Ontario) and in E USA from S Great Lakes and S New England S patchily to E Oklahoma, Gulf of Mexico coast and N Florida. Migrates to Mexico and Central America (primarily in E) and Caribbean.

Descriptive notes

12–14 cm; 8·1–13·9 g. Male has yellow face and forehead (isolating dark eye) completely surrounded by black hood; upperparts olive-green, tail with... read more


Song somewhat variable, typically a series of four loud and musical paired notes with emphasis on... read more


Breeds in mature deciduous woodland with dense, undisturbed understorey, favouring vicinity of... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on insects and spiders (Araneae). Forages often by flycatching from low perch and by hover-gleaning; also gleans in understorey.... read more


Season May–Aug, egg-laying May–Jul; sometimes double-brooded (many such reports involve renesting following brood parasitism).... read more


Medium-distance to long-distance migrant. Most leave breeding grounds in late Jul and early Aug (... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common throughout most of range. In Canada, restricted to remnant Carolinian forest in S Ontario, and considered... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2019). Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).