French: Alouette hausse-col German: Ohrenlerche Spanish: Alondra cornuda
coast of South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
E. a. arcticola
(Oberholser, 1902) – Alaska and NW Canada (Yukon S to British Columbia); winters in W USA.
E. a. hoyti
(Bishop, 1896) – N Canada (N Baffin I S to N Alberta and W Ontario); winters in N USA.
E. a. alpestris
(Linnaeus, 1758) – American Horned Lark – E Canada (W Ontario E to Newfoundland and S to Nova Scotia) and E USA (E from Minnesota and S to Kansas and N Carolina); N populations winter in E USA.
E. a. strigata
(Henshaw, 1884) – W & WC Canada and USA (British Columbia S to N California and E to Idaho, Nevada and Utah); N populations winter in W USA.
E. a. leucolaema
Coues, 1874 – SW & SC Canada (S Alberta E to Manitoba) S to WC & SC USA (S to New Mexico E to Texas).
E. a. rubea
(Henshaw, 1884) – NE & C California.
E. a. insularis
(Dwight, 1890) – Channel Is, off SW California.
E. a. occidentalis
(McCall, 1851) – SW USA (S California and SW Nevada E to C New Mexico) and NW Mexico (N Baja California and NW Sonora).
E. a. adusta
(Dwight, 1890) – S Arizona E to S New Mexico S in Mexico to Durango and E to Coahuila.
E. a. enertera
(Oberholser, 1907) – C Baja California.
E. a. giraudi
(Henshaw, 1884) – coastal S USA (S Texas) S to NE Mexico.
E. a. chrysolaema
(Wagler, 1831) – S Mexican Plateau from SE Coahuila and Zacatecas S to Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Veracruz and NE Puebla; also C Oaxaca.
E. a. peregrina
(P. L. Sclater, 1855) – E Andes of Colombia (Altiplano Cundiboyacense, N of Bogotá).
E. a. flava
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – Shore Lark – N Eurasia E to NE Russia (Anadyrland), S to S Norway, L Baikal and NW Amurland; winters in W & C Europe E to Kazakhstan, Mongolia and C China.
E. a. brandti
(Dresser, 1874) – Steppe Horned Lark – SE European Russia (lower R Volga) and N Transcaspia E to NE China (Inner Mongolia), S to N Turkmenistan, Tien Shan and Mongolia; N populations migrate S.
E. a. atlas
(Whitaker, 1898) – Atlas Horned Lark – Morocco (Atlas Mts).
E. a. balcanica
(Reichenow, 1895) – SE Europe (S Balkans and Greece).
E. a. kumerloevei
Roselaar, 1995 – W & C Asia Minor.
E. a. penicillata
(Gould, 1838) – Caucasian Horned Lark – E Turkey and Caucasus E to N & W Iran.
E. a. bicornis
(C. L. Brehm, 1842) – Lebanon and N Israel–S Syria border (Mt Hermon).
E. a. albigula
(Bonaparte, 1850) – SW Turkmenistan and NE Iran E to W Tien Shan and S to NW Pakistan.
E. a. argalea
(Oberholser, 1902) – N Ladakh, extreme W China (W Kunlun Shan) and W Tibetan Plateau.
E. a. teleschowi
(Przevalski, 1887) – C & E Kunlun Shan from S Xinjiang E to NW Qinghai and S to N Xizang (W China).
E. a. przewalskii
(Bianchi, 1904) – Qaidam Basin, in N Qinghai.
E. a. nigrifrons
(Przevalski, 1876) – mountains of NE Qinghai.
E. a. longirostris
(F. Moore, 1856) – Himalayan Horned Lark – Himalayas from NE Pakistan and Kashmir E to Sikkim.
E. a. elwesi
(Blanford, 1872) – S & E Tibetan Plateau.
E. a. khamensis
(Bianchi, 1904) – SC China (SE Xizang, W Sichuan).
14–17 cm; 30–40 g. Medium-sized lark with short bill, fairly long tail, and striking head pattern with elongated lateral crown feathers (“horns”).... read more
Song, from ground or in air, often consists of a few simple, rippling trills followed by short... read more
The only lark to have successfully colonized tundra and alpine habitats; throughout range prefers... read more
Food and feeding
Wide range of invertebrates in summer and plant material in winter. Main invertebrate prey items are grasshoppers (Acrididae), beetles (... read more
In North America, season from mid-Feb in S USA (one of earliest nesters) and from mid-May in Canadian Arctic; in Eurasia, breeds from late... read more
Migratory or partially migratory in N; mostly resident or altitudinal migrant in S. Across... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to locally very common; scarce in some areas. Has one of the largest world ranges of any songbird, and is the only alaudid... read more
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