Family Auks (Alcidae)

Least Concern

Horned Puffin (Fratercula corniculata)


Taxonomy

French: Macareux cornu German: Hornlund Spanish: Frailecillo corniculado
Taxonomy:

Mormon corniculata

J. F. Naumann

, 1821,

Kamchatka, Russia

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Wrangel I, Heard I and coasts of Chukotskiy Peninsula S through Kamchatka and Commander Is to Sea of Okhotsk, Sakhalin and N Kuril Is, and N & W Alaska (near Barrow; Cape Lisburne and Diomede Is) S through Bering Sea to Aleutians and E through Gulf of Alaska S to British Columbia (Queen Charlotte Is). Chiefly pelagic in winter, dispersing over a large area of the central North Pacific.

Descriptive notes

36–41 cm; 612 g; wingspan 56–58 cm. Large, triangular red-tipped yellow bill, laterally compressed, with orangy rictal rosette at gape, yellowish mouth and tongue... read more

Voice

Generally silent at sea. At breeding colonies, a low-pitched mooing growl usually comprising a few... read more

Habitat

Marine, occurring along sea coasts on rocky cliffs and offshore islands. Breeds mainly on rocky... read more

Food and feeding

Predominantly an inshore feeder during the breeding season, usually within 1–2 km from shore, but sometimes 16 km or more out.... read more

Breeding

Spring arrival and start of breeding variable, with major movement through Bering Sea during May and reoccupation of colonies usually mid-... read more

Movements

Winters over a broad area of the central North Pacific, generally over deep oceanic waters. It is... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). The global population is not known precisely, in part because many of the colonies are remote and the birds nest in rock crevices,... read more

Recommended citation

Nettleship, D.N., Garcia, E.F.J. & Boesman, P. (2018). Horned Puffin (Fratercula corniculata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54079 on 10 December 2018).