Family Crows and Jays (Corvidae)

Least Concern

House Crow (Corvus splendens)


Taxonomy

French: Corbeau familier German: Glanzkrähe Spanish: Cuervo indio
Taxonomy:

Corvus splendens

Vieillot

, 1817,

Bengal, India

.

Perhaps close to, and an early offshoot of, the “C. macrorhynchos complex”, as suggested by head-and-bill shape; overlaps with members of that group, but ecologically somewhat separated. Races zugmayeri and protegatus intergrade with nominate in India. Birds from Maldive Is described as race maledivicus, but characters suggest ancestry of mixed races, and perhaps introduced on the islands long ago; probably best treated within protegatus. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. s. zugmayeri Laubmann, 1913 – SE Iran and C & S Pakistan E to NW & NC India.
  • C. s. splendens Vieillot, 1817 – most of peninsular India (excluding NW part and coastal Kerala) and Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and SW Myanmar.
  • C. s. protegatus Madarász, 1904 – SW India (S from N Kerala and W Tamil Nadu), Sri Lanka and, perhaps introduced, Laccadive Is and Maldive Is.
  • C. s. insolens A. O. Hume, 1874 – extreme S China (S Xizang and S Yunnan) and Myanmar (including Tenasserim), formerly also SW Thailand.
  • Introduced and feral populations around the world (USA, Europe, E Africa, Middle East, Indian Ocean islands, E & SE Asia, Australia)#R#R.

    Descriptive notes

    40–43 cm; 245–371 g. A relatively small (size not apparent in the field), rather slim-bodied, somewhat "leggy" crow with comparatively long, prominent,... read more

    Voice

    Very vocal. Usual call a flat and toneless, dry "kaaan-kaaan", softer than that of Indian... read more

    Habitat

    Always found in association with man, in variety of tropical and subtropical habitats. Abundant... read more

    Food and feeding

    Omnivorous scavenger, feeding on all manner of crops, invertebrates, vertebrates. Main diet composed of discards and scraps foraged from... read more

    Breeding

    Season varies according to location, in India as a whole favoured months Apr–Jun, at start of wet season, but younger birds (15... read more

    Movements

    Resident. Short-distance movements not uncommon.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Abundant throughout native range; perhaps even more abundant at certain sites where long introduced, either intentionally or by ship-... read more

    Recommended citation

    Madge, S. (2017). House Crow (Corvus splendens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60770 on 11 December 2017).