Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Huanuco Starfrontlet (Coeligena dichroura)


French: Inca du Huanuco German: Smaragdstirn-Andenkolibri Spanish: Inca de Huánuco

Helianthea dichroura


, 1874,

Maraynioc, Peru


Probably closely related to C. lutetiae, C. bonapartei, C. eos and C. helianthea. Hitherto considered one of four subspecies of C. violifer, but differs from all others in having green frontlet set in dull green lores and forecrown vs differently coloured or plain frontlet set in velvety-black lores and forecrown (3); dark brown central tail feathers, with other rectrices pale rufous with very broad dark brown tips, forming highly distinctive pattern (3); vague, indistinct white line across breast each side of glittering green vs clear thin white line that halts glittering green in violifer and no line in other taxa (1); larger size (effect size for wing 3.76; score 2). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

E slope of Andes of N & C Peru (S to Junín); relict population in W Peru (Lima).

Descriptive notes

13–14·5 cm; male 4–10 g, mean (9·2 g), female 7·9 g. Previously considered to be conspecific with C. violifer (see Taxonomy comments). Male has long, straight, black... read more


A long series of single “tchit” notes given at a rate of c. 1·6 notes/second. Also a jerky mix of... read more


Edges and clearings of cloudforest and elfin forest, sometimes in second growth, at 1900–3700 m.

Food and feeding

Presumably similar to C. violifer, but no specific information.


No data.


Wide altitudinal range and only occasional occurrence below 2800 m suggest some seasonal dispersal... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Habitat partially under threat of deforestation and population is suspected to be declining; species has not been recorded in man-made... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Huanuco Starfrontlet (Coeligena dichroura). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 April 2020).