Family Tinamous (Tinamidae)

Least Concern

Huayco Tinamou (Rhynchotus maculicollis)


French: Tinamou huayco German: Streifenhals-Pampahuhn Spanish: Tinamú huayco

Rhynchotus maculicollis

G. R. Gray

, 1867,



Commonly considered conspecific with R. rufescens, but differs notably in voice, song being at start rather similar to that of R. rufescens but finishing very differently, and appearing louder, perhaps because populations are more spread out and need to call between distant ridges#R (allow 3); in ecology, with distributions largely discrete altitudinally, and bands of unsuitable forest habitat isolating upland grassy ridges of present species from lowland grasslands preferred by R. rufescens, in both Bolivia and Argentina#R (1); and in plumage, males having broadly buff-streaked vs narrowly buff-scaled crown (latter appearing as blackish cap above plain neck, former more continuous with neck markings), facial markings more broken up and spotty (ns[1]), spotted vs plain neck and barred vs plain breast (3), more broadly and extensively barred vs more restricted and more narrowly barred wing-coverts (1), and uniformly cream underparts with dark bars from breast-sides to flanks vs pale grey breast to darkish grey vent with vague bars on lower flanks (3). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

W Bolivia (from S La Paz) S to NW Argentina (to Catamarca and Tucumán).

Descriptive notes

c. 39–42 cm; male 894–913 g, female 876–962 g. Large tinamou with long, decurved bill, bright fulvous neck and boldly patterned back. Similar to R. rufescens, but... read more


Song consists of two short notes, the first modulated and the second flatter and not so loud. At... read more


Occupies semi-arid, temperate valleys with thorn-scrub and scattered trees, as well as fields of... read more

Food and feeding

Probably mostly animal matter in summer months, vegetable in winter (when insects scarce). Items taken include seeds, fruits, shoots, roots... read more


Few data. Nest presumably a shallow scrape at base of tree among low vegetation.


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Generally common, and locally abundant; has reasonably large range. Faces intense hunting pressure locally, especially in... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Christie, D.A., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Huayco Tinamou (Rhynchotus maculicollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 August 2019).