Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica)


French: Barge hudsonienne German: Hudsonschnepfe Spanish: Aguja café

Scolopax Hæmastica


, 1758,

Hudson Bay


Closely related to L. limosa, and previously considered conspecific. Monotypic.


Locally from W & S Alaska and NW Canada to Hudson Bay. Winters on S South American Atlantic coast from S Brazil to Tierra del Fuego, and on Pacific coast from SC Chile (Chiloé I).

Descriptive notes

36–42 cm; male 196–266 g, female 246–436 g; wingspan 67–79 cm. Darkish godwit with slightly uptilted bill; face and throat whitish; breast, belly and... read more


Generally quiet during non-breeding season. On territories, gives a clear high-pitched, sometimes... read more


Sedgy marshland near treeline in lowlands, close to coast or river. In winter and on migration,... read more

Food and feeding

On breeding gounds mainly Diptera larvae; also snails, beetles, adult insects and seeds. On breeding grounds, majority of stomach contents... read more


Nests late May to Jul. Occasionally adjacent pairs nest within 200–300 m of one another. Pair formation occurs on breeding grounds.... read more


Long-distance migrant, with some evidence that birds from NC Canada and Alaska winter in different... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population c. 50,000 birds in 1980s or perhaps more, of which c. 14,000 breed in Alaska and the rest in Canada, with 50,000... read more

Recommended citation

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 February 2020).