Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Least Concern

Humboldt’s Araçari (Pteroglossus humboldti)


French: Araçari de Humboldt German: Humboldtarassari Spanish: Arasarí de Humboldt

Pteroglossus Humboldti


, 1827,



Usually considered conspecific with P. inscriptus, but accorded species status here due to all-black (vs mostly yellow) lower mandible (3); base of bill and much of proximal upper mandible orange-tinged (vs yellow)#R (2); mouth-lining red (vs black)#R (2); rustier thighs (ns[1]); (in female) dull chestnut-chocolate of throat and head sides extends as indistinct but complete hindcollar, contra some statements#R suggesting that entire crown is dull chestnut-chocolate (ns[1]); significantly larger overall size (bill effect size 2.77, wing 3.92, score 2); narrow zone of intergradation or sporadic interbreeding in R. Madeira region (2). Species placed within P. viridis by some authors, but appears more appropriately treated as closest to P. inscriptus. Form from upper Amazonia, described as race didymus, now considered a synonym of humboldti; form from R Juruá described as olallae, and initially thought to be full species, found to be hybrid between humboldti and P. azara mariae. Monotypic.


S Colombia and W Brazil (E narrowly along Amazon to R Negro mouth in N, broadly E, S of Amazon, to R Madeira, crossing it occasionally in N and, more often, in S), S in lowlands E of Andes to NW Bolivia.

Descriptive notes

33–40 cm; 111–185 g. Green and yellow plumage, with red rump and unusual bill markings. Female is shorter billed than male, with chestnut on face and rear of head. Immature... read more


No known differences between this species and P. inscriptus.


Primary lowland forest, including seasonally flooded várzea, forested islands, nearby... read more

Food and feeding

Fruits such as those of Ficus, Cecropia and Ocotea; probably insects as well; also, in SE Peru, groups of 4–5... read more


Data from specimens indicate season as Dec–Jul. Displays, nest, eggs and other aspects all undescribed in detail. Known to enter tree... read more


Apparently sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Density in SE Peru up to one territory/100 ha in mixed habitat of Ficus-Cedrela, transitional forest and mature floodplain-forest.... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Humboldt’s Araçari (Pteroglossus humboldti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).