Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.
Birds in N of range (Mt Elgon) plainer and more rufous than those in S (N Tanzania), which are browner and more streaked; also some altitudinal variation, birds from more open habitats at high elevations on Mt Kilimanjaro being drabber than those lower down; but variation seems to be clinal. Monotypic.
Highlands of E Uganda (Mt Elgon), WC Kenya and N Tanzania.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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