Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus)


French: Ara hyacinthe German: Hyazinthara Spanish: Guacamayo jacinto

Psittacus hyacinthinus


, 1790,



Populations in S of range have been separated as race maximiliani, but differences from others minute and clinal. Monotypic.


Apparently isolated populations from NC to SC Brazil, ranging into extreme E Bolivia and NW Paraguay; formerly present in Amapá (N Brazil), and possibly still so.

Descriptive notes

100 cm; 1435–1695 g. Cobalt blue throughout, more violet on wings; undersides of flight-feathers and tail grey; bare orbital ring and strip at base of lower mandible... read more


Very loud croaking and screeching sounds including 'kraaa' and screeching 'trara... read more


Edge of tropical moist lowland forest, palm savannas, open dry woodland with gallery forest and... read more

Food and feeding

Dependent on small number of palm species, using different species in different areas: in Amazon region Maximiliana regia, ... read more


Jul–Dec. Nest in hole in tree in lower Amazon and Pantanal, usually one of only three species in latter (and chiefly Sterculia... read more


Seasonal displacements over large distances are strongly indicated by fragmentary evidence from... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES I. This species was reduced to an estimated 3000 birds by massive illegal trade in the period 1970–1990, with possibly as many as 10,000 being taken... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Hyacinth Macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).