Until mid-1990s treated as conspecific with L. excubitor, but then separated, with assumption that populations and taxa to S (and some to E) belonged with it; recent analysis#R, however, links it with taxa now separated as L. borealis but suggests that it is better treated as an isolated species. Single diagnostic plumage character is pink wash to pale grey underparts (score 2), but detailed vocal analysis may yet reveal significant differences in vocabulary (suggested by available recordings, but may be artefact of sample size). Monotypic.
Iberian Peninsula and S France.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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