Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Ihering's Antwren (Myrmotherula iheringi)


French: Myrmidon d’Ihering German: Iheringameisenschlüpfer Spanish: Hormiguerito de Ihering

Myrmotherula iheringi

E. Snethlage

, 1914,

Boim, Pará, Brazil


Often grouped with similarly plumaged species in the “grey antwren assemblage” (see M. axillaris). Geographical distribution and diagnosability of races requires re-examination; possibly more than one species involved#R. Recent description of taxon oreni as full species#R was based on relatively low levels of genetic, vocal and plumage difference, and also recommended race heteroptera for species rank; greater genetic distinctiveness of latter is mirrored by acoustic evidence, which suggests its song has rising notes (score at least 2) with a larger frequency range (at least 1). More detailed integrative review of all taxa needed. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. i. heteroptera Todd, 1927 – Purus Antwren – SW Amazonian Brazil (headwaters of R Juruá E to R Madeira).
  • M. i. oreni Miranda et al., 2013 – Bamboo Antwren – SE Peru (extreme S Ucayali, NE Cuzco, Madre de Dios, N Puno), SW Amazonian Brazil (S of R Purus in E Acre) and extreme NW Bolivia (W Pando).
  • M. i. iheringi E. Snethlage, 1914 – Ihering's Antwren – SC Amazonian Brazil (W bank of R Tapajós and along drainages of R Jiparaná and R Roosevelt S to Rondônia).
  • Descriptive notes

    8·5–9·5 cm; 7·5–9 g. Tail moderately short. Male is dark grey above, concealed white interscapular patch, black wing-coverts tipped white; throat, upper breast and centre of... read more


    Loudsong a countable series of intense, downslurred “peer” notes, variably 6–30 (... read more


    Midstorey and understorey of lowland evergreen forest (upland terra firme and transitional... read more

    Food and feeding

    Little published. Feeds on various insects, including orthopterans, stick-insects (Phasmatidae), and adult and larval Lepidoptera; probably... read more


    Almost nothing known. In Peru, copulation observed in Jul and juvenile found in Sept. Also record from Peru of nest-building on 3 Oct, with... read more


    None recorded; presumed resident. Territory size in SE Peru estimated at 6·5 ha.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon and somewhat local throughout its range, being a generally low-density species, e.g. c. 3 pairs/100 ha at Cocha Cashu, SE... read more

    Recommended citation

    Zimmer, K., Isler, M.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Ihering's Antwren (Myrmotherula iheringi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).