Family Finches (Fringillidae)


Iiwi (Drepanis coccinea)


French: Iiwi rouge German: Iiwikleidervogel Spanish: Iiwi

Certhia coccinea

G. Forster

, 1781,

Kona district, Hawaii


Birds from Molokai described as race suavis, but appear inseparable from those in rest of species’ range. Has hybridized with Himatione sanguinea#R. Monotypic.


Main Hawaiian Is: Kauai, Maui and Hawaii, and relict populations in Oahu and Molokai; formerly also Lanai.

Descriptive notes

15 cm; male 19·9 g, female 16·7 g. A medium-sized honeycreeper with heavy sickle-shaped bill. Head and body, including scapulars, brilliant scarlet-­... read more


Calls include a human-like upslurred whistle, rather similar to call of Palmeria dolei,... read more


Wet to mesic ohia-koa (Metrosideros polymorpha-Acacia koa) forest, preferably... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly nectarivorous, but also takes invertebrates. Bill fits falcate corollas of many native plants, including those in genera ... read more


Extended season, Dec–Jul (mostly Feb–Jun). Monogamous, but partners separate outside breeding season. Male courtship displays... read more


Resident. Sometimes nomadic in search of nectar resources; flies between islands.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA and Hawai‘i EBA. Reasonably common, with estimated population of at least 350,000... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. (2019). Iiwi (Drepanis coccinea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 December 2019).